Do not tell them how to do it. Show them how to do it and do not say a word. If you tell them, they will watch your lips move. If you show them, they will want to do it themselves. – Maria Montessori
What is Montessori?
Activity based learning with well-designed & self-correcting materials which allows the child to learn through discovery and at his/her own pace. In contrast to following a pre-designed curriculum regardless of the individual’s learning path and abilities, the Montessori child chooses what to learn in a guided environment. The classroom is prepared with an adult who directs learning through demonstration and activity as opposed to giving instructions and giving abstract theories.
The Montessori curriculum aims to make the child independent and useful to his/her society. Practical life activities allows the child to do familiar daily activities which they have witnessed. There are three main classifications of practical life activities;-
- Care of self – Activities include buttoning, shoe lacing, zipping, washing hands, brushing teeth, pouring drinks or food etc.
- Care of environment – Activities include sweeping, mopping, dusting etc
- Grace and courtesy – this is directed at teaching the child how to interact with others in his/her environment. Children are taught to make room for others and also to use polite words such as please, thank you.
Montessori Sensorial materials were designed to enable children express and classify their sensory experiences. Sensorial activities are aimed at assisting the child to develop his/her intellectual senses. Activities involve the use of materials focused on one of the five senses of the child, that is, the sense of sight, sound, taste, touch and smell. Children develop their senses through observing and comparing with precision.
The child picks up language right from birth through the sounds of adults around him/her in speech, through reading books aloud, through music etc. The montessori language curriculum helps the child learn language through active mental and physical activity with emphasis placed on the process of learning. The child is taken through the recognition, writing and sound of letters, the combination of letters to form words, the combination of words to form phrases, the combination of phrases to form sentences and sentences which form stories. Eventually the child learns to read and orally construct meaningful sentences to communicate effectively.
Our stars are introduced to numeracy; the identification of numbers, the continuity of numbers, addition, subtraction and multiplication using carefully designed learning material. Mathematics material are sensorial tools used to introduce the child to mathematical concepts through discovery rather than passively teaching abstract math concepts.
There is no limit to how far a child can go at the preschool stage, it all depends on his/her learning path.
The child participates in activities that lead the child to experience music, stories, artwork and items from the child’s community, society and cultural background. Geography, science, zoology and botany are subject areas under culture exposed to the child through individual and group activities. The child develops an awareness and a deeper appreciation of the world around him/her through the different activities done using a range of globes, puzzle maps and pictures of different countries and through music and dance.
Culture lessons do not only teach the child to appreciate his/her community and cultural background but also those of others.
Children interact with nature every day, science is all around us in our everyday routines. Allowing children to experience scientific happenings first hand through activities like a trip to the zoo, observing animals at home or on the way to school, smelling flowers specks their curiosity making teaching of the way things in nature work easy and interesting. Montessori science lessons are led by experimental activities, observations of nature which progresses to abstract theories such as states of water etc.
Children discover where they are on the globe, learn about other cities, countries, and continents and the different cultures around the globe. Montessori geography is twofold; physical geography and cultural geography. Physical geography involves the discovery of earth, what makes up the earth, the different continents, the different water bodies and landforms and how they all come together to form the earth and the universe. Cultural geography introduces the child to the human society and culture and how people differ in the world.
As part of our holistic development philosophy, we believe the child should be given the opportunity to explore extra curriculum activities to allow him/her to discover his/her interests, talents and gifting.
- Foreign languages – we offer the choice between French and Spanish languages. Foreign languages at Springing Stars is conducted by seasoned teachers from the Simplice House of Languages.
- Local languages – Stars have a choice between learning Ga and Twi.